Japanese car manufacturers realised they had to make vehicles in North America but smaller companies couldn't go it alone, lacking the sales volume to support a car plant. The answer for them was joint ventures. Subaru teamed up with Isuzu and commenced US production in 1989 at Layfayette, Indiana. That involved the Outback and and an Isuzu pick-up.
Over the years the plant also made cars for Honda (a rebadged Isuzu) and other Isuzu models. When that realtionship ended, Toyota came on board until 2016. Now that Subaru is a sizable car brand in North America, Subaru can support the plant with its production requirements alone. The Subaru models that are, or have been made there are as follows:
Outback: It's been an ever present model, with over 2.5 million made over 28 years. Not counting the start up year, that is an average of nearly 96,000 p.a.
Legacy: This model was added to production in 2009 and has racked up 405,000 units at an average of nearly 58,000.
Impreza: Has just been introduced and becomes a third model for the brand now that the Tribeca is no longer.
Tribeca: This was the only location the model was made and those numbers say it wasn't a success. A mid-sized SUV sounds like a winner but it was heavy on fuel, was considered less than attractive and just didn't stir the public.
Baja: This small pick up truck was supposed to sell in the tens of thousands each year but fell well short of that. The unusual vehicle was offered in the US, Canada and Chile. It was a Legacy (or Outback) with a rear tray so was car like but not liked.
Summary: With over 3.1 million vehicles made for Subaru alone at a rate of about 117,000 p.a., the Indiana plant is a success story. Now being just for the Subaru brand, the company has free reign to use the plant as it sees fit to meet its demands.
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