These figures include Lexus but not Daihatsu and Hino. I would have liked to separate Lexus but while I can for some years, I cannot for all of them. Lexus are made mainly in Japan (?) and also in Canada (104,248 in 2014). So Toyota and Lexus grabbed 10.6% of world production for car and light commercial vehicles.
While it is expected that Japan would be the main location for assembly, the US leading China is of note. Thailand was even third in 2012 but has fallen back since. The salmon colour shows facilities that are in Asia and that is the region Toyota sales are strongest. It's weakest sales area would probably be Europe and the plants there are not that big either, for production volumes.
Where Toyota is strong is in it's global spread. Even if a market or region goes quiet, there are others that will be doing better. As for global brand rankings shown by clicking here, Toyota is the leading car marque for 2014 in 8th place. It is no wonder that is was the biggest car/LCV producer for 2014.
The extreme right column shows the share that each country has of total production except for the bottom figure which is the share Toyota has of the world market.